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|However, if the properties of mirror surface reflection are equal for the rays of any colour, then the refractive materials have dispersion - the refractive index dependence of emanation wave length what results to the beams of different colours refraction at the “air-glass” border at different angles. In optical systems this effect results to the chromatic aberrations, which appear to be as different colored halos during for instance star observation.|
|Selecting combinations of usual optical glasses is succeeded to bring the images generated by beams of any two colours (usually it is made for red and blue beams situated near the borders of visual spectral range) to one point. At that the image generated by the beams of third green colour (the middle of the visual range) doesn’t coincide with this point. This lack of coincidence is called the secondary spectrum and objectives with such type of correction of aberration are called achromats. The secondary spectrum from usual glasses in achromats is sufficiently great and image colour reduces the image quality and limits the possibility of objective aperture ratio developing especially long-focus. Objectives with the corrected secondary focus (for which the star image looks monochromatic as for mirror systems) are called apochromat.|
|Using the usual optical glasses to correct the secondary spectrum is impossible. For this purpose optical materials of special trace of dispersion curve are used – crystals and “special” glasses. Traditionally the optical crystal of calcium fluoride is considered to be the most suitable material which allows to make the apochromatic combinations including usual glasses. Fluoride is a unique and expensive material which in addition has some disadvantages which are given below.|
Russian scientists designed and developed special types of optical glass - fluorophosphate crown glasses, which has optical specifications similar to fluorite. LZOS experts developed and melted a glass from the fluorophosphate crown glasses group - special crown of OK4 type. Having near fluorite optical constants OK4 glass at the same time has the some advantages in comparison with fluorite: first of all it is a higher optical homogeneity, absence of cleavage usual for fluoride optical crystals. Apart from that OK4 glass has small thermo-optical constant
Schemes of LZOS astronomical lenses objectives-apochromats are designed with the use of OK4 glass. These are three-lenses or triplet systems which have ideal colour correction for visual range of spectrum and excellent correction of monochromatic aberrations in the point at axis.
Concerning optical quality of produced systems our company as most of the world manufacturers of astronomic optics confirms its for the each objective by report of system wave aberration testing by interferometric method. Traditionally interferometric measurements are carried out with the use of helium-neon laser the wavelength of which is